Homework can have both positive and negative effects on learner performance. Here are some of the potential effects of homework:

Positive effects:

1. Reinforces learning: Homework allows learners to practice and reinforce what they’ve learned in class.

2. Prepares learners for assessments: Homework can help learners prepare for tests and other assessments by providing opportunities to practice and review.

3. Develops time management and study skills: Homework can help learners develop important skills such as time management, prioritization, and study habits.

4. Encourages independent learning: Homework can encourage learners to take responsibility for their own learning and to explore topics on their own.

5. Provides opportunities for feedback: Homework allows learners to receive feedback on their work and to identify areas where they need to improve.

Negative effects:

1. Causes stress and anxiety: Too much homework can cause stress and anxiety, which can negatively impact learner performance.

2. Takes away from other activities: Homework can take away from leisure time, family time, and extracurricular activities, which can negatively impact overall well-being.

3. Can be overwhelming: When learners are given too much homework, it can be overwhelming and lead to feelings of frustration and helplessness.

4. Can lead to cheating: When learners are under pressure to complete homework assignments, they may be more likely to cheat or plagiarize.

5. Can reinforce inequalities: Learners who don’t have access to resources such as a quiet study space or a computer at home may be at a disadvantage when it comes to completing homework assignments.

Overall, the effects of homework on learner performance depend on a variety of factors, including the amount of homework assigned, the type of homework, and the individual needs and abilities of the learner. When used appropriately, homework can be a valuable tool for reinforcing learning and developing important skills.